William Graham Sumner was a classical liberal American social scientist. He taught social sciences at Yale, where he held the nation's first professorship in sociology. He was one of the most influential teachers at Yale or any other major school. Sumner wrote widely within the social sciences, with numerous books and essays on American history, economic history, political theory, sociology, and anthropology. He supported laissez-faire economics, free markets, and the gold standard. He adopted the term ethnocentrism to identify the roots of imperialism, which he strongly opposed. He was a spokesman against imperialism and in favor of the forgotten man of the middle class, a term he coined. He had a long-term influence on conservatism in the United States.BiographySumner wrote an autobiographical sketch for the fourth of the histories of the Class of 1863 Yale College. In 1925, Rev. Harris E.